Breast Cancer Type: know the sign and treatment

April 5, 2010

The best treatment for breast cancer can be provided if the breast cancer type is known. Therefore knowing the different breast cancer types is important. After breast cancer diagnosis, the doctor may work to know the specifics of the tumor. The breast cancer type can be determined using a tissue sample from a breast biopsy or the tumor if surgery has been already performed. The treatment for breast cancer and breast cancer symptoms will depend on the type.

The following information is needed to determine breast cancer type:

Invasive or noninvasive cancer?

Knowing whether the cancer is invasive or noninvasive helps the doctor to determine if the cancer has spread further than the breast. The appropriate treatments and the risk for further development of cancer are also determined.

1. Noninvasive breast cancer: Noninvasive or in situ breast cancer refers to a type of cancer where the cells have remained within the place of origin and have not spread to tissues of the breast near the duct or lobule. The common type of noninvasive breast cancer is ductal cancer in situ. This cancer is confined to the lining of the milk ducts. The cells have not spread to the surrounding tissue of the breast.

2. Invasive breast cancer: Invasive breast cancers invade the surrounding tissues and spread outside the membrane that lines a duct or lobule. The caner cells thus travel to other regions of the body, including lymph nodes. A stage of I, II, III, or IV is indicative of invasive breast cancer.

Cancer began at which part of the breast?

The severity of breast cancer depends on the nature of tissue affected. It also indicates how the cancer will progress. The following are some areas where breast cancer develops:

1. Milk ducts: The most common form ofBreast Cancer Type is ductal carcinoma. It affects the lining of the milk duct present within the breast. The ducts are the carriers of breast milk from the lobules to the nipple.

2. Milk-producing lobules: Lobular carcinoma originates in the breast lobules. This is the site of milk production. The lobules are connected to the ducts.

3. Connective tissues: Breast cancer rarely originates in the connective tissue that comprises of muscles, fats, and blood vessels. Cancer that develops in the connective tissue is known as sarcoma. Phyllodes tumor and angiosarcoma are two types of carcinomas that can develop in the breast.

What is the appearance of cancer cells?

The following factors are taken into consideration when a sample of the cancer is place under a microscope.

1. Cells with novel appearances: Invasive ductal carcinoma cells take on unique and novel appearances when viewed under a microscope.

2. Difference between cancer cells and normal ones: Cancer grade is decided based on the difference between cancer cells and normal ones. This will also affect breast cancer symptoms.

Alvis Walter is a cancer consultant and a guide for Breast Cancer Type . To know more information about Male Breast Cancer, Gamma Knife, malignant mesothelioma, breast cancer symptoms, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Rhabdomyosarcoma and Mantle Cell Lymphoma visit www.cancery.com

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Gaining an Insight into Skin Cancer Types

March 29, 2010

The prevalent types of skin cancer are malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers both of which have high cure rates when spotted and treated in their preliminary stages. Those with a past of skin cancer are more likely to develop it yet again and hence must ideally get checked up on a yearly basis.
Malignant melanoma, particularly in the advanced staging is grave and treating it is tricky.

melanoma
Melanoma

Melanoma though not as prevalent as the other skin cancer kinds, however is quite grave and lethal. The probable symptoms of melanoma comprise of a variation in the way the mole appears or in the pigmented spot. One must seek medical consultation in case a mole has altered its extent, outline or hue, crooked edging, having multiple hues or tones, irregular or is causing scratching, oozing or bleeding.

squamous cell carcinomaSquamous Cell Carcinoma

This form of nonmelanoma skin cancer could originate as a tough, reddish-coloured nodule, a flaky outgrowth that sheds blood or starts crusting or a sore having improper healing. This is mostly observed in areas of the nose, just below the hairline, ear, lower lips, hands and other parts of the body that have had sun exposure. Squamous cell carcinoma can be cured only when it is spotted and treated in its preliminary stages. In case skin cancer has been diagnosed in the later stages then treatment would be based on the cancer staging.

bowen diseaseBowen Disease

Bowen disease (squamous cell carcinoma in situ) is a form of skin cancer spreading outwards on the skin’s surface. Conversely, invasive squamous cell carcinoma could develop inwards, spreading till the inner areas of the body. Bowen disease could appear scale-like, red-coloured patches which could be crusty; often erroneously judged as a rash, eczema, fungal infection or even psoriasis.

Basal Cell CarcinomaBasal Cell Carcinoma

This is the most widespread form of skin cancer and the simplest one to cure as basal cell carcinoma has a gradual progression, occurring mostly during adulthood. Basal cell carcinoma could take on several manifestations inclusive of a pear-whitish or waxy lump mostly having perceivable blood vessels found in the ear, neck or facial areas. Basal cell tumors could additionally develop as flattish, scale-like, blood-hued or brownish patches found on the back, chest region or atypically as a whitish, wax-like scar formation.

Less Prevalent Skin Cancer Types

The uncommonly detected kinds of skin cancer comprise of:

  • Kaposi’s sarcoma
    Chiefly noted among individuals having depleted immunity levels.
  • Merkel cell carcinoma
    Generally observed to affected regions of the skin that had sun exposure like the head, neck, upper and lower extremities, however mostly spreading to the other body parts.
  • Sebaceous Gland carcinoma
    A belligerent form of cancer that originates in the sebaceous or oil-producing glands of the skin.

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March 29, 2010

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